Kinetic theories for flows of nonhomogeneous rodlike liquid crystalline polymers with a nonlocal intermolecular potential
Qi Wang, Weinan E, Chun Liu, Pingwen Zhang
The Doi kinetic theory for flows of homogeneous, rodlike liquid crystalline polymers (LCPs) is extended to model flows of nonhomogeneous, rodlike LCPs through a nonlocal (long-range) intermolecular potential. The new theory features (i) a nonlocal, anisotropic, effective intermolecular potential in an integral form that is consistent with the chemical potential, (ii) short-range elasticity as well as long-range isotropic and anisotropic elasticity, (iii) a closed-form stress expression accounting for the nonlocal molecular interaction, and (iv) an extra elastic body force exlusively associated with the integral form intermolecular potential. With the effective intermolecular potential, the theory is proven to be well-posed in that it warrants a positive entropy production and thereby the second law of thermodynamics. Approximate theories are obtained by gradient expansions of the number density function in the free energy density.