Fine-scale turbulence noise from hot jets AIAA Journal 2005 0001-1452 vol.43 no.8 (1675-1683)

Abstract: Experimental measurements indicate that the noise radiated from a jet depends not just on the jet-exit velocity alone, but is significantly affected by the jet temperature. Now, there is evidence to support the proposition that jet mixing noise consists of two principal components. These are the noise from the large turbulence structures of the jet flow and the fine-scale turbulence. The prediction of fine-scale turbulence noise from hot jets is considered. Earlier Tam and Auriault developed a semi-empirical theory capable of predicting the fine-scale turbulence noise from cold to moderate temperature jets. In this work, their semi-empirical theory is extended to high-temperature jets, up to a temperature ratio above that of present day commercial engines. The density gradient present in hot jets promotes the growth of Kelvin-Helmholtz instability in the jet mixing layer. This causes a higher level of turbulent mixing and stronger turbulence fluctuations. In addition, recent experiments reveal that the two-point space-time correlation function of turbulent mixing for hot jets is substantially different from that for cold jets. The eddy decay time is shorter, and the eddy size is slightly reduced. These changes have an appreciable impact on the noise radiated. In the present extended fine-scale turbulence theory, both effects are taken into account

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