Scattering of Acoustic Duct Modes by Axial Liner Splices

Abstract: Recent engine test data and results of computational analysis show that the engine inlet acoustic liner splices could have a significant impact on aircraft certification flight noise and cabin noise levels. The phenomenon of scattering of acoustic duct modes by axial liner splices is investigated. Previous studies, invariably, follow the frequency domain approach. The present study, however, uses the time domain approach. It is demonstrated that time domain computation yields results that are in close agreement with frequency domain results. The scattering phenomenon under consideration is very complex. This study concentrates on the effects of four parameters. They are the width of the splices, the frequency of the incident duct mode, the number of splices and the length of splices. Based on the computed results, the conditions under which scattered wave modes would significantly increase the intensity of transmitted waves are identified. It is also found that surface scattering by liner splices has the tendency to distribute energy equally to all the cut-on scattered azimuthal modes. On the other hand, for each scattered azimuthal mode, the high order cut-on radial mode, generally, has the highest intensity. More over, scattering by liner splices is a local phenomenon. It is confined primarily to an area of the duct adjacent to the junction between the hard wall near the fan face and the spliced liner.

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