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Mathematics Colloquium

Youngmin Park
University of Manitoba

Title: High-Order Accuracy Computation of Coupling Functions for Strongly Coupled Oscillators
Date: Monday, January 10, 2022
Place and Time: Zoom, 3:05-3:55 pm


We develop a general framework for identifying phase reduced equations for finite populations of coupled oscillators that is valid far beyond the weak coupling approximation. This strategy represents a general extension of the theory from [Wilson and Ermentrout, Phys. Rev. Lett 123, 164101 (2019)] and yields coupling functions that are valid to higher-order accuracy in the coupling strength for arbitrary types of coupling (e.g., diffusive, gap-junction, chemical synaptic). These coupling functions can be used to understand the behavior of potentially high-dimensional, nonlinear oscillators in terms of their phase differences. The proposed formulation accurately replicates nonlinear bifurcations that emerge as the coupling strength increases and is valid in regimes well beyond those that can be considered using classic weak coupling assumptions. We demonstrate the performance of our approach through two examples. First, we use diffusively coupled complex Ginzburg-Landau (CGL) model and demonstrate that our theory accurately predicts bifurcations far beyond the range of existing coupling theory. Second, we use a realistic conductance-based model of a thalamic neuron and show that our theory correctly predicts asymptotic phase differences for non-weak synaptic coupling. In both examples, our theory accurately captures model behaviors that weak coupling theories can not.